TI introduces a three-phase, GaN-based inverter reference design that helps engineers build 200-V, 2-kW AC servo motor drives and next-generation industrial robotics with fast current-loop control, higher efficiency, more accurate speed, and torque control.
The three-phase high-frequency GaN inverter reference design features the LMG3410 600-V, 12-A GaN power module with an integrated FET, gate driver and protection. The GaN module allows the design to switch up to 5X faster than silicon FETs, while achieving efficiency levels greater than 98% at 100 kHz and greater than 99% at 24 kHz pulse width modulation (PWM) frequency. With GaN, designers can optimize switch performance to reduce power loss in the motor, and downsize the heat sink to save board space. Operating the inverter at 100 kHz significantly helps improve torque ripple when used with low-inductance motors.
The GaN inverter power stage easily interfaces with microcontrollers (MCU), including TI’s TMS320F28379D drive control system-on-chip to help dynamically adjust voltage frequency and achieve ultra-fast current loop control. TI also introduced its DesignDRIVE Fast Current Loop software with sub-cycle PWM update techniques that help push current-loop performance in servo drives to less than 1 microsecond, potentially tripling motor torque response. The Fast Current Loop software outperforms traditional MCU-based current-loop solutions, and is available free with controlSUITE software.
In addition to the GaN module, the reference design relies on TI’s AMC1306 isolated delta-sigma modulators with current sensing to increase motor control performance. TI’s ISO7831 digital isolator also provides reinforced isolation between the MCU and the design’s six PWMs.